Stain on the Anzac name
Then, in the darkness of the desert, the Army
There are dozens of New Zealanders, but there are also many Australians.
Moved in, in Palestine at the time, and attacked and stabbed the frightened sulafen.
The soldiers threw some bodies into a well, burned down the town and destroyed a nomadic camp nearby.
The atrocities ended in less than an hour.
However, the repercussions of the stain on the sulafen massacre in December 1918 have lasted for 90 years and will never be erased by the Military history of New Zealand, especially the reputation of the cavalry, and the troops who rode to fight.
The massacre in surafend has been repeated in a new account by Australian journalist Paul Daley called belsheba.
Daley thinks the death toll is as high as 120.
Although other claims give a much lower estimate of 20 to 40 deaths or deaths due to broken limbs.
The author stumbled upon the recording of Australian light Knight Ted O\'Brien, who described how he and his comrades \"had a drink of rum \", how to \"do their block\" at Surafend and how they \"go through [the village]
With a bayonet \".
O\'Brien recalled: \"This is a very bad thing. . . It was ungodly.
\"Almost a century after the massacre, it seems difficult to understand how it was triggered --
And why it was not punished.
No one in court.
Although New Zealand and Australia have paid compensation to the UK, they have been arrested or arrested
Ruled Palestine at that time.
To destroy the village.
It is difficult for future generations of troops dealing with the Holocaust.
Oakland rifles have always had a special connection for me as my grandfather, Major Tommy mcgaro, served in the regiment from Gary Polly until 1945.
My uncle, Lieutenant Colonel Jim mcgaro. DSO and bar)
Command the desert and Holy Land in the First World War about 500 of the tough guys.
The installation rifle brigade of about 2000 Ma soldiers was part of an Anzac division who served in Gary Polly.
Together with the British army under the command of Marshal Edmund \"Bull\" allby, the Anzac occupied Palestine (
Mainly Israel Today)
Jordan under Turkish control
Paved the way for the Jewish state.
Cavalry-style troops are on foot, but they are mobile on horseback.
The heat is depressing, horses die from thirst, and typhoid or malaria is as likely to kill you as Turkish bullets.
The new Australian Army believes it is an elite force.
They are mainly from rural areas in New Zealand and Australia, close to the land.
Using a rifle is a ritual.
The first world war ended in 1918.
The Anzac and the British camped near a Jewish town.
The village is famous for making wine.
It should be a happy time.
Today, Rishen is Israel\'s fourth largest city and has awarded awards. winning wine.
Surafend is an Arab village nearby.
The fuse for the bloody incident on December 10 is 21-year-
Old soldier of the machine gun unit Leslie Lowry
When the Australian New Legion-
Arab relations have been at a low ebb.
Stealing and killing are at the heart of it.
Anzac soldiers were buried in uniform.
The desperate Arabs dug up the graves and stripped the bodies.
Guy Bowles, author of the history of the installation of rifles, points out that over the years, two other murders have taken place in Arabs.
Regular raids on their camp were more violent than British raids. Barefoot sneak-
The thief is good at crossing the sentry.
The Arabs accused the army of sheep-stealing.
Officials described Lowry being disturbed in the tent by a thief trying to take the bag he used as a pillow.
The young soldier chased him up, but when he faced the intruder, he hit him in the chest with a revolver.
The military police at allby headquarters were immediately notified.
The tracks lead to surafend but disappear on the rocky ground.
Lieutenant Colonel Terry Kinlock is the author of \"The Devils are coming\", a report by the middle east Australian New Army soldiers, who said police officers investigating the murder cast footprints in plaster.
A cordon was set up around Surafend.
The village chief was ordered to hand over the murderer, but he admitted his ignorance.
Chaytor, commander of the new Australian Army, \"angry Ted\" sought advice from the headquarters, but allby was absent.
GHQ opposed Chaytor\'s protest and ordered the removal of the cordon.
This is a fatal mistake.
Many Arabs left the village.
The resentment of the troops that have been building has been boiling.
They accused the British military police of not properly investigating the murder.
A source said a secret meeting was held at seven o\'clock P. M. in the sand dunes.
New Zealanders travel to Australia for support.
\"Don\'t bring any ammo or we\'ll shoot each other in the dark, but bringing a pick or some of these weapons or bayonets will be as good as anything, one says.
A large group of people between 50 and 200, but probably close to the high end of the village around eight o\'clock P. M.
They gave the man the last chance to hand over the murderer.
By nine o\'clock P. M. the men had returned to the tent.
The fire caught people\'s attention.
These killings were discovered at about the same time, a large force was sent to investigate, and a guard was sent to order the arrest of anyone trying to pass.
No one tried to put out the fire.
There are several courts of inquiry.
The investigation by the new Australian Army was fruitless.
The officers and soldiers were united.
The Bucks stopped fighting with their commanders.
Chaytor noted that his two subordinates, the Oakland company and the Wellington commander, were responsible for the inaction of their officers.
Chaytor said they should know and cancel leave for all officials.
A few days later, angry allby returned, and he called for a parade to speak to the brigade, nearly 2000 from his horse, but did not return Chaytor\'s salute.
He denounced the New Zealanders as the killer.
But no one has been charged, and no one has been punished, except for the cancellation of official leave.
The closing of the team is like a huge cone of silence.
Major Herbert Wilkie, New Zealand\'s official military history writer, described the day\'s attitude well: \"The inhabitants of surafend have been intimidating neighboring Jewish communities for many years.
They are usually thieves. at least one of them is a murderer.
\"Justice for the relatives of the victims ,(Lowry)
The authorities should take immediate measures to arrest the murderer without taking any effective measures.
\"Due to the renegade of the locals, the troops suffered heavy casualties throughout the campaign, and they were rarely or never punished for the crimes committed, they were worried about the indifference the authorities showed when their comrades were brutally killed. \" H. S.
Gullet, Australia\'s official historian, wrote the same. \"To them [the Anzacs]
In a game they despised, an old comrade was murdered and killed, a crime that required immediate justice.
They are not in the mood to delay.
Therefore, in their campaign against sulafen, they believe that, while avenging the Arabs, at the same time, they will remove their old sense of bias towards the discipline sector at headquarters, and the omission of research on punishing Arabs for crimes.
Their anger and pain are beyond reasonable reasoning.
Why are the police officers-
My grandfather Jim, my grandfather, their colleagues and superiors will not pursue this matter again?
Number of men involved in the surveyup to 200 -
It will be painful.
Military police may be arranged to arrest the leader --
If they knew who they were
Imagine that you have been in war for four years.
Along the way, there are graves of hundreds of compatriots.
Have a strong team spirit.
People are trained to kill people.
People are very loyal.
In front of the King and the country, a soldier fought for his companions.
The penalty for murder is death.
Who is willing to arrange a firing squad for the people they fought in the tight forces, known for their clever tactics and courage under fire?
But there is no excuse for this massacre.
Perhaps this shows that many people can be killers under the circumstances and mob rule at that time.
We are loyal to a tribe.
Australians say they are loyal to New Zealanders.
Then it was ethnic minorities, not everyone, who carried out the massacre.
Still, the sulafen massacre was a mass.
Murder in today\'s language and in that language.
Allby was aware of this and, despite a generally positive attitude towards the Anzac, refused to take back his \"murderer\" comments.
Describes the Holocaust. and defended)
Although Daley says there is political pressure on Australia to review, in team history, they may think this is largely a stain on New Zealand.
The Oakland War Memorial Museum has a section commemorating Surafend, which is currently having some discussions on the website of the installation Rifle Association (www. nzmr. org).
After the massacre, the Anzac moved out from the wine cellar of surafend and ridgón LeZion.
The British army rebuilt the town and the New Zealand and Australian governments paid for the bill.
Installed rifles have calmed down Egypt\'s rebellion against Britain and helped bury the bones of Gallipoli before returning home.
After the incident, many people well justify the incident, although from today\'s point of view, it is difficult to judge the people of the past, but the countries that win the war often punish the enemy with war crimes.
If you win, your criminals usually get off the bus.
This is what happened after Surafend.
During World War I, the New Zealand Army was disciplined under the control of the British Army.
The punishment is severe.
Dr. Chris Pugsley wrote in his book The Edge of Hell that 28 New Zealanders were sentenced to death by the firing squad.
Five people executed for treason and cowardice
Other crimes of death include sleeping and murder in your post.
No one is allowed to be executed in Australia.
The trial in the New Zealand court was rather difficult and the British Supreme Court overturned many sentences.
All death sentences in New Zealand are executed in Europe.
Other penalties include field penalties for the first place, where a soldier is tied to wooden utensils.
This punishment was imposed on the conscientious objectors, abird Baxter, and others.
The lighter punishment included a drill where British jailers let prisoners run away with heavy parcels for a long time.
Thirty days in prison is a fairly normal punishment.
Usually send serious troublemakers home. to jail.
No New Zealand soldiers were executed for criminal offences.
The purpose of military punishment is generally to give people disciplinary action and let people continue to fight, not to punish criminals.