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the forgotten dream of martin luther king jr.

by:COSCO     2019-08-22
In the spring of 1968, Kenneth Jardin encountered a problem. The 25-year-
The old professor of architecture at Howard University needs a piece of land.
A large piece of land
Jadin and others have been given the daunting challenge of how and where to place thousands of activists who will flood Washington, D, no one has ever seen such a thing in such a massive and ambitious poverty alleviation.
Protests had become mainstream decades before the occupation of Wall Street.
The permanent camp in Washington is about to become a regular demonstration site, and it will have its own ZIP code: 20013.
This presentation will be at the heart of the revision.
Martin Luther King
He sees this as a bold call for action to ask the government to do more to address poverty.
Jadin plans to meet with King, a man he admires but has yet to meet in person to discuss the difficult logistical arrangements for his plan to occupy Washington.
The meeting is scheduled for the first week of April.
But first, Kim will travel to Memphis, where the assassin\'s bullet took his life.
However, the shooting of James Earl Ray did not stop the King\'s vision of a non-violent act of resistance --
Including a wide range of African-Americans, as well as Latinos, Native Americans, Asians, Appalachian and rural whites --
The aim is to upset the capital and its powerful inhabitants.
Jadin and other volunteers have been planning.
They have been thinking about holding demonstrations.
Take the name \"City of resurrection\"
On undeveloped land owned by abandoned airports or cemeteries.
But now they are asking for approval of their first choice.
\"We\'re going to the National Mall,\" joadin, a retired professor at Howard, remembers telling colleagues.
\"They can\'t say no now.
He\'s right.
Over the next few weeks, a city grows on the vast expanse of land between the Capitol and Lincoln Memorial.
At its height, 3,000 people will live in tents designed by Jadin.
But in a sense, what they are doing there has disappeared over time, as in the pain of two signal tragedies on the 20 th --
Century America: Assassination of King and Robert F.
Kennedy was shot dead less than a month after the resurrection was built, three weeks after riot police drove protesters out of the camp.
\"This is a forgotten part of our history,\" Baltimore radio host, longtime activist Mark Steiner, who lived there during the sixth anniversary of the city of resurrection --
Zhou ran, said in an interview.
The assassination of King and Kennedy has attracted so much attention that dozens of photos taken by a freelance photographer Robert Houston in Life magazine have been pushed aside for greater
Never published.
An enlarged version of a photo of Houston pays tribute to visitors, a new exhibition commemorating the 50 th anniversary of the city of resurrection and the movement of the poor in space, the National Museum of black American history is dedicated to the culture of the National Museum of American history.
For half a century, Houston\'s photos have struck a special chord: Although many of the civil rights photos were made in blackand-
Houston often uses color film to shoot white.
His image is a striking yellow school bus that transports demonstrators from Newark, attracting visitors to the exhibition, and he is a bright beacon in a space with softer lights and emotions.
Houston says Houston\'s photos rarely appear in public, but after an exhibition of his work at Morgan State University, the photos caught the attention of the Smithsonian Institution.
The latest morning, Houston.
Now 82, still active photographer in Baltimore
Standing under the school bus photo, look up at their faces: Young black people wear pins bearing the image of the murdered civil rights leader, but expressions can only be interpreted as optimistic.
\"You have heard
Many letter words: H-O-P-
Houston says he lives in tents throughout the demonstrations.
\"I have never met a group of people who have nothing to lose.
They have nothing to lose and nothing to get.
\"Howard University professor Jadin, one of the many sympathetic white people, was involved in the cause and he drew a diagram of how to assemble plywood --and-plastic, A-
Set up tents in Houston and where other demonstrators live.
He said the parts were assembled at a Catholic brotherhood facility in the north of the city and were transported in by volunteers in trucks.
But once the young demonstrators catch them, they let their creativity flow.
\"I was surprised by the creativity of people,\" Jadin recalls . \".
\"These high school students. . . made two-story units.
One of them told me that he had never taken a hammer before!
\"If they are role models for young people today, we are in good shape,\" he thought . \"
Some of the plywood painted peace signs.
A People\'s University was set up where demonstrators could attend classes and cultural tents were set up.
A headline in The Washington Post embarrassedly declared that \"A Cottage City has started near the mall \";
The leader vowed to stay for a long time. in.
On May 1968, demonstrators began arriving in caravans and mule cars.
They are determined to let people know that they exist.
Among those who verbally support him, Kennedy, who is running for president, seems to be on the road to the White House.
Georgetown law professor and civil rights leader Marianne Wright Edelman\'s husband, Peter Edelman, recalled that one afternoon he spoke to Kennedy by the Kennedy pool.
Kennedy told him that activists should go firmly to the capital, \"stay and stay until the people in Washington get tired and decide to do the right thing.
The goal of the \"campaign for the poor includes a\" bill of economic rights \"and more funding for housing and employment projects.
Steina recalled that the folk singer Pete Seger had spent some time there, and Bill Cosby and Robert Culp had spent some time there too, and they were on TV recently
However, the means to achieve these goals have not been universally recognized.
Steiner, a longtime radio host who has lived in the Resurrection City for several weeks, said many demonstrators advocated a noisy, disruptive approach, sometimes in conflict with the leaders of the movement.
One day, Steiner said he and others rushed into the hotel where the pastor was staying.
Ralph David abernasi, who took on a more important leadership role after the King\'s assassination, has been in contact with other major figures of the movement.
Steiner has been avoiding the mud brought by the heavy rain, which flooded the city of resurrection, and he does not like the optics of some sports leaders staying in more comfortable places.
\"There is clearly a disagreement between the people in our camp and the leadership,\" Steiner said . \".
But others think the leader of the movement is an incentive.
Jadin was surprised by the pastor\'s daily speech. Jesse L.
Jackson delivered the breakfast at the time of distribution.
\"I have never heard such a sermon,\" Jadin said . \".
Three weeks after the demonstrations began, Kennedy was shocked by the assassination in a campaign in Los Angeles.
His funeral procession stopped in the city of resurrection.
\"This is one of the most exciting moments you \'ve ever experienced with so many people,\" steinner recalls . \".
\"Black, white and Latino people spontaneously broke into the\" Republic War Song \'.
His death was as profound in many ways as that of Martin Luther King.
He is a man who agrees with the poor and what he wants to do for the poor.
\"Over time, the determination of the demonstrators weakened, and the population living in more than 500 tents dropped sharply.
By the end of June, the city\'s tolerance for demonstrations had disappeared.
The permit for the demonstration is about to expire, and protesters and police blame each other. Law-
Law enforcement officials accused demonstrators of throwing stones at police, and campaign leaders of the poor argued over alleged police brutality, saying riot forces angered camp residents by throwing tear gas cans.
On June 24, riot police fired tear gas at the Resurrection City.
Free photographer Houston remembers jumping into the mirror pool to clean the chemicals on his skin.
More than 340 demonstrators, including Abernathy, were arrested.
It was a frustrating moment as the demonstrations ended without major concrete results.
\"I thought they crushed us.
\"It\'s just distracting all the energy of the people who just started out,\" said Steina . \".
\"That\'s why people think it\'s a failure.
\"But, looking back, Steiner has begun to re-evaluate.
Yes, poverty is still a huge problem.
According to the Census Bureau, 35 million people lived in poverty in 1968, accounting for about 17% of the total population and 40.
In 2016, the same situation was 6 million, or about 12%.
Steinner noted how many activists have returned to their communities and organized projects that have helped countless people, a spirit he sees as eternal.
\"The success now is --
After 50 years, people will say, \'What? What happened? \' \" he said.
Recently, he spoke to a young activist who declared that the protests today were different.
\"This is not your grandmother\'s revolution,\" the activist told him . \".
\"I said, \'You are part of a continuum.
The City of Hope is an exhibition of African-American history and culture at the National Museum of American history, which will be on display in December 2018. nmaahc. si. edu.
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